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2019年高三英语上半年月考测验相关

2020届海南省嘉积中学高三上半年第一次月考英语免费试题带答案和解析

The Visitor Oyster card
A Visitor Oyster card is the cheapest way to pay for a single adult journeyin London. It’s a plastic smartcard. You can use it on the bus, tube, tram, DLR,London Overground and most National Rail services. It’s much cheaper thanbuying individual tickets, in some cases costing 50% less than the price of a regularpaper ticket.
How to get a Visitor Oyster card
You can buy a Visitor Oyster card online. Your card will be delivered by post.The card costs £5 and you choose how much money you want to add to the card.This means you can start using the card the moment you arrive in Central London.
How does the Visitor Oyster card work?
The Oyster card works on a pay-as-you-go system. You start by adding money to the card. Then you travel, the cost of the fare will automatically bededucted from your Visitor Oyster card. For example, if you add £20 to thecard and make a tube journey of £2.30, you will have £17.70 left on the card.
A few more points:
·A child under the age of 11 travels free when accompanied by an adult.
·You’ll save more money if you use the tube several times. The Visitor Oyster cardis “capped (给……定上限)” at £6.80 per day.
·You’ll pay more during peak times. Peak fares apply from Monday to Friday (6:30am—9:30 am; 4:00 pm —7:00 pm), except for public holidays.
·Reuse the Oyster card by adding credit at a tube station, Oyster ticket shop orVisitor Centre.
·Receive a discount on the Thames Clippers River Bus services.
【1】What can we learn about the Visitor Oyster card?
A. You can’t use it during public holidays.
B. You can have it mailed directly to your home.
C. You can get a free Oyster card if you order online.
D. You can receive a 50% discount at any shop in London.
【2】How much money will be deducted if you take the tube four times in a day witha Visitor Oyster card?
A. £2.30. B. £3.40.
C. £6.80. D. £9.20.
【3】Where can you add credit to your Visitor Oyster card?
A. On the Internet. B. At a bus station.
C. At a tube station. D. In convenience stores.

【答案】
【1】B
【2】C
【3】C
【解析】
这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了游览伦敦使用Visitor Oyster Card的好处,如何购买及如何充值。
【1】细节理解题。第二段第二句Your card will be delivered by post.可知Visitor Oyster card可以直接寄到你家。故选B。
【2】细节理解题。根据A few more points部分You’ll save more money if you use the tube several times. The Visitor Oyster card is “capped (给……定上限)” at £6.80 per day.可知如果你乘几次地铁,你会节省更多的钱。Visitor Oyster卡的“上限”是每天6.8英镑。故选C。
【3】细节理解题。根据A few more points部分倒数第二段Reuse the Oyster card by adding credit at a tube station, Oyster ticket shop or Visitor Centre.可知可以在地铁站添加,故选C。

At the age of 14, James Harrison had a major chest operation and he required 13 units (3.4 gallons) of blood afterwards. The blood donations saved his life, and he decided that once he turned 18, he would begin donating blood as regularly as he could.
More than 60 years and almost 1,200 donations later, Harrison, whose blood contains an antibody (抗体) that has saved the lives of 2.4 million babies from miscarriages (流产), retired as a blood donor on May 11. Harrison’s blood is valuable because he naturally produces Rh-negative blood, which contains Rh-positive antibodies. His blood has been used to create anti-D in Australia since 1967.
“Every bottle of Anti-D ever made in Australia has James in it,” Robyn Barlow, the Rh program director told the Sydney Morning Herald. “It’s an amazing thing. He has saved millions of babies. I cry just thinking about it.” Since then, Harrison has donated between 500 and 800 milliliters of blood almost every week. He’s made 1,162 donations from his right arm and 10 from his left.
“I’d keep going if they let me,” Harrison told the Herald. His doctors said it was time to stop the donations — and they certainly don’t take them lightly. They had already extended the age limit for blood donations for him, and they’re cutting him off now to protect his health. He made his final donation surrounded by some of the mothers and babies who his blood helped save.
Harrison’s retirement is a blow to the Rh treatment program in Australia. Only 160 donors support the program, and finding new donors has proven to be difficult. But Harrison’s retirement from giving blood doesn’t mean he’s completely out of the game. Scientists are collecting and cataloging his DNA to create a library of antibodies and white blood cells that could be the future of the anti-D program in Australia.
【1】What do we know about James Harrison?
A. He saved 2.4 million poor people.
B. He is to retire as a blood donor.
C. He is a very grateful blood donor.
D. He donates blood nearly every day.
【2】What is the author’s purpose of writing Paragraph 4?
A. To state Harrison’s decision to continue donating blood.
B. To describe how Harrison’s donations come to an end.
C. To introduce some babies saved by Harrison’s blood.
D. To praise Harrison for his cooperation with the doctors.
【3】What can we infer from the passage about Harrison?
A. After his retirement, the Rh program will fail.
B. New donors are easy to find in a short time.
C. He continues to contribute to the Rh program.
D. His DNA is kept in a library for future study.
【4】Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. A Unique Man with a Rare Blood Type
B. The Blood Saving Millions of Babies
C. A Special Blood Type Donor to Retire
D. The Man with the Golden Arm

【答案】
【1】C
【2】B
【3】C
【4】D
【解析】
本文是一篇记叙文。本文主要讲述的是Harrison因别人的献血挽救了自己的生命,因此决定18岁以后自己也参与献血,接下来的60年里,他献血近1200次。哈里森自然产生RH阴性血,其中含有RH阳性抗体。拯救了数百万婴儿。
【1】推理判断题。根据文章第一段可知,James Harrison在14岁时做了一次胸部大手术,手术需要血液,献血挽救了他的生命,他决定一旦年满18岁,就开始尽可能定期献血,由此可以推知James Harrison是个非常感恩的献血者。故选C。
【2】推理判断题。根据第四段可知,为了保护Harrison的健康,他们停止了他的献血,他最后一次捐赠的血液帮助挽救了一些母亲和婴儿,由此可以推知,作者写第四段的目的是去描写Harrison的捐赠生涯是如何结束的,故选B。
【3】推理判断题。根据最后一段的But Harrison’s retirement from giving blood doesn’t mean he’s completely out of the game.可知哈里森的退役并不意味着他完全退出了这场“比赛”,由此可以推知,Harrison继续为RH项目做出贡献,故选C。
【4】主旨大意题。根据文章主要内容和第三段的He’s made 1,162 donations from his right arm and 10 from his left.可知,本文主要讲述的是Harrison因别人献血挽救了自己的生命,18岁以后的60年里,他献血近1200次,他的右臂捐献了1162次,左臂捐献了10次,挽救了数百万婴儿,故“那个拥有金色手臂的人”能作为本文的标题,故选D。

There is an old Chinese proverb that states “One Generation plants the trees; another gets the shade,” and this is how it should be with mothers and daughters. The relationship between a mother and daughter is sometimes confusing. If close, the relationship can be similar to friendship. However, the mother and daughter relationship has unique characteristics that distinguish it from a friendship. These characteristics include a hierarchy (等级) of responsibility and unconditional love, which preclude mothers and daughters from being best friends.
Marina, 27 years old, says, “I love spending time with my mom, but I wouldn’t consider her my best friend. Best friends don’t pay for your wedding. Best friends don’t remind you how they carried you in their body and gave you life! Best friends don’t tell you how wise they are because they have been alive at least 20 years longer than you.” This doesn’t mean that the mother and daughter relationship canˈt be very close and satisfying.While some adult relationships are still troubled, many find them to be extremely rewarding. This generation of mothers and adult daughters has a lot in common which increases the likelihood of shared companionship. Mothers and daughters have always shared the common experience of being homemakers, responsible for maintaining and passing on family values and traditions. Today contemporary mothers and daughters also share the experience of the workforce and technology, which may bring them even closer together.
Best friends may or may not continue to be best friends, but for better or worse, the mother and daughter relationship is permanent, even if for some unfortunate reason they aren’t speaking. The mother and child relationship is closer than any other. There is not an equal relationship. Daughters should not feel responsible for their mother’s emotional well-being. It isn’t that they don’t care deeply about their mothers. It’s just that they shouldn’t be burdened with their mother’s well being.
The mother and daughter relationship is a relationship that is not replaceable by any other. Mothers never stop being mothers, which includes frequently wanting to protect their daughters and often feeling responsible for their happiness. Mother always “trumps”(王牌) friend.
【1】What does the underlined word “preclude” in Paragraph 1 probably mean?
A.Differ. B.Prevent. C.Benefit. D.Change.
【2】What do we know from the text?
A.The mother and daughter relationship can be replaced by a best friend.
B.A mother’s love brings her and her daughter a close friendship.
C.The mother and daughter relationship goes beyond best friends’ friendship.
D.Marina has a troubled relationship with her mother.
【3】How does the author mainly prove his statements?
A.By listing data. B.By giving explanations.
C.By quoting sayings. D.By making examples.

【答案】
【1】B
【2】C
【3】B
【解析】
这是一篇议论文。文章阐述了相对于与最好的朋友之间的关系而言,母女关系是独特的,永久的和更亲密的。
【1】
词义猜测题。根据画线句前文“However, the mother and daughter relationship has unique characteristics that distinguish it from a friendship.”可知,母女关系有其区别于友谊的独特特征,后文阐述了这些独特的特征是什么。画线词所在句意为:这些特征包括责任等级和无条件的爱,_____ 母女成为最好的朋友。根据上文可知,这些特征是使母女关系区别于友谊的特征,由此可推断出这些特征阻止了母女成为最好的朋友,prevent意为“阻止”,与句中from连用,构成prevent sb. from doing sth.的短语,意为”阻止某人做某事“,符合句意。故选B项。
【2】
细节理解题。根据倒数第二段关键句“Best friends may or may not continue to be best friends, but for better or worse, the mother and daughter relationship is permanent, even if for some unfortunate reason they aren’t speaking.”可知,最好的朋友可能会,也可能不会继续是最好的朋友,但不管好坏,母女关系是永久的。再根据倒数第二段关键句“The mother and child relationship is closer than any other.”可知,母亲和孩子之间的关系比其他任何关系都亲密。由此可推断出,母女关系超越了最好的朋友之间的友谊,因为它是永久的,最亲密的关系。故选C项。
【3】
推理判断题。题目需要我们判断作者在文章中是如何证明自己陈述的东西的。文章第一段中,作者认为The relationship between a mother and daughter is sometimes confusing,母女关系有时是令人困惑的,接下来解释了为什么令人困惑。文章倒数第二段中,作者认为The mother and child relationship is closer than any other,母亲和孩子之间的关系比其他任何关系都亲密。接下来解释了为什么母女关系比其他关系亲密。由此可推断出,文章中作者主要是通过做出解释的方式来证明自己陈述的内容。故选B项。

If something that you’re doing doesn’t challenge you, then it doesn’t change you. We all need some normal stress in our lives, after all.【1】 So challenge the following limits:
1. Figure out what you’re scared of and do it continuously.
If you’re a salesman, and you’re scared of talking to people personally or over the phone now, instead of being scared and thinking you’ll fail, spend at least five minutes a day to pick up the phone and make a call.【2】 But don’t stop on the first try! Eventually, you can look at fear in the eye and say, “Go on. I’m not scared!”
2. Take a class for a hobby you’ve been wanting to develop
Make sure this hobby is not linked to your career; you have to relax and relieve your stress while performing this.【3】Apart from helping you challenge yourself, taking a class for your hobby may also give you extra income.
3. Set aside at least nine minutes a day for physical exercise.
【4】A simple 9-minute run around your neighborhood can do wonders for yourself. Exercise can not only help you maintain your regular weight, but also make you feel better about yourself.
4. Travel and allow yourself to be interested in new people.
Don’t just limit yourself to your fellow travelers—try to connect with the service staff. You never know what kind of people they’re going to be. Get out of your house or go online right now to book your class.【5】
A. You should do it continuously.
B. Someone may hang up on you.
C. You don’t need to go to the gym.
D. Running in the gym may be a better choice.
E. Start to travel now and learn to challenge yourself.
F. Some examples might be cooking, sewing, painting and so on.
G. You can never see any improvement if you stick to your comfort zone.

【答案】
【1】G
【2】B
【3】F
【4】C
【5】E
【解析】
本文是一篇说明文,介绍了如何走出自己的舒适区、挑战自己的几点建议。
【1】根据本空前的“We all need some normal stress in our lives, after all.”可知,毕竟,我们的生活中需要一些压力,故G项(如果你坚持呆在自己的舒适区,你永远看不到任何进步)符合语境。
【2】根据本空后的“But don’t stop on the first try!”可知,但不要打一次就停下来,故B项(有人可能会挂断你的电话)符合语境。
【3】根据本空前的“Make sure this hobby is not linked to your career; you have to relax and relieve your stress while performing this.”可知,确保这个爱好与你的职业无关,做它的时候你必须感到放松和减轻压力,故F项(例如烹饪、缝纫、绘画等等)符合语境。
【4】根据本空后的“A simple 9-minute run around your neighborhood can do wonders for yourself.”可知,在社区附近跑9分钟就可以为你自己创造奇迹,故C项(你不需要去健身房)符合语境。
【5】根据本段小标题“Travel and allow yourself to be interested in new people.”可知,旅行并且敞开心胸去结识新朋友,此处讲的是关于旅行方面的内容,故E项(现在就开始旅行,学会挑战自己)符合语境。

Whenever we hear about “the homeless”, most of us think of the Developing world. But the _____is that homelessness is everywhere. For example, how many of us would expect to see people living on the streets of a ____ country like Germany?
Kurt Muller and his wife Rita have spent eleven years making _____for the homeless of Berlin, Germany’s capital. They first _____one long hot summer when most Germans were _____on holiday. Kurt and his wife stayed at home, made sandwiches, _____a table in the street and gave food to the homeless.
The Mullers soon realized that food and clothing weren’t ____ . “What these people also need is warmth and ____ ,” says Rita. The Mullers didn’t ____to give their phone number to the street people and told them to phone anytime. Rita ___ there was somebody at home to answer the phone and their home was always _____to anyone who couldn’t face another night on the street.
The couple were soon _____ all their time and money, so Kurt visited food and clothing companies to _____donations. Today, over thirty companies _____donate food and other goods to the cause and volunteers help to _____ them to the homeless. The public also give clothes and money and a shoe producer _____new shoes.
Kurt and Rita receive no _____for their hard work. “ We feel like parents,” says Rita, “and parents shouldn’t _____money for helping their children. The love we get on the streets is our salary.” Though Rita admits she often gets _____, she says she will continue with her work because she likes the feeling of having made a ____in the world.
【1】A.result B.truth C.reason D.idea
【2】A.traditional B.developing C.violent D.wealthy
【3】A.preparations B.houses C.meals D.suggestions
【4】A.began B.met C.called D.left
【5】A.asleep B.alone C.across D.away
【6】A.brought up B.set up C.cheer up D.gave away
【7】A.enough B.necessary C.helpful D.worthwhile
【8】A.fame B.freedom C.courage D.caring
【9】A.hesitate B.agree C.pretend D.argued
【10】A.went ahead B.found out C.made sure D.worked out
【11】A.open B.crowded C.noisy D.broad
【12】A.costing B.wasting C.taking D.spending
【13】A.pay for B.ask for C.account for D.carry on
【14】A.completely B.calmly C.regularly D.roughly
【15】A.advertise B.sell C.deliver D.lend
【16】A.donates B.produces C.designs D.collects
【17】A.permission B.payment C.direction D.support
【18】A.multiply B.raise C.save D.expect
【19】A.surprised B.excited C.tired D.pleased
【20】A.discovery B.difference C.decision D.rule

【答案】
【1】B
【2】D
【3】C
【4】A
【5】D
【6】B
【7】A
【8】D
【9】A
【10】C
【11】A
【12】D
【13】B
【14】C
【15】C
【16】A
【17】B
【18】D
【19】C
【20】B
【解析】
本文是一篇记叙文。主题语境为人与社会,主题语境的内容为关爱他人。文章讲述了一对有爱心的德国夫妇舍弃了外出度假的时光,为那些无家可归的人做饭,提供住宿。在花完自己的积蓄后他们还向一些公司求助,呼吁更多的人们去关注那些无家可归的人。他们希望在这个世界上可以多一份关爱,少一份痛苦。本文侧重于培养学生的思维品质。
【1】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:但现实就是无家可归的人到处都是。A. result结果;B. truth事实,真理;C. reason理由;D. idea主意。根据but可以判断后句内容和前句内容“每当我们听到无家可归这个词,我们大多数人就会想到发展中国家”是转折关系,前面说人们的想法,所以后面应该是事实,故选B。
【2】
考查形容词词义辨析。句意:例如,我们中有多少人会期望看到像德国这样的发达国家的人露宿街头。A. traditional传统的;B. developing发展中的;C. violent暴力的;D. wealthy富裕的。根据空后like Germany判断前面是指像德国这样的典型的发达国家,故选D。
【3】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:库尔特·穆勒和他的妻子丽塔花了11年的时间为德国首都柏林的无家可归者制作食物。A. preparations筹备;B. houses房子;C. meal餐,饭;D. suggestions建议。根据后文Kurt Muller and his wife stayed at home, made sandwiches可知他们为德国首都柏林的无家可归者做饭已经十一年了,故选C。
【4】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:他们开始于一个漫长炎热的夏天,那时大多数德国人都外出度假。A. began开始;B. met遇到;C. called打电话,叫;D. left离开。根据first可知此处指他们开始为这些无家可归人们做饭是在一个漫长而炎热的夏天,故选A。
【5】
考查形容词词义辨析。句意:当大部分的德国人都离开去度假的时候 。A. asleep睡着的;B. alone单独的;C. across穿过;D. away离开,远去。他们是从一个漫长而炎热的夏天开始,而在这个时候大多数德国人都外出度假了,选D。
【6】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:库尔特和他的妻子呆在家里,做三明治,在街上摆好桌子,给无家可归的人分发食物。A. brought up提出,抚养;B. set up搭建,安装,布置,临时搭起;C. put aside放一边,储存;D. gave away无偿赠送,暴露。Kurt和他的妻子呆在家里做三明治,然后到街上去分给那些无家可归的人,由此判断他们在街上布置好桌子,选B。
【7】
考查形容词词义辨析。句意:他们很快意识到食物和衣服是不够的。“这些人还需要温暖和关怀,”丽塔说。A. enough足够的;B. necessary有必要的;C. helpful帮助的;D. worthwhile值得的。由后句中的what people also need…(人们还需要的是)可知,此处应该表达的是穆勒夫妇意识到只有食物和衣服并不够。故选A。
【8】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:他们还需要温暖和关怀。A. fame名望;B. freedom自由;C. courage勇气;D. caring关心。从and前面的warmth判断流浪者们除了食物衣服这些物质帮助,还需要温暖和关怀。故选D。
【9】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:穆勒夫妇毫不犹豫地把他们的电话号码给了街上的人,并告诉他们随时打电话。A. hesitate犹豫;B. agree同意; C. pretend假装; D. argued争论。穆勒夫妇倾尽所有去帮助这些无家可归的人们,由此判断他们是毫不犹豫地把电话号码给那些街上的人,并告诉他们随时给他打电话。故选A。
【10】
考查动词短语辨析。句意:Rita确保家里有人接电话。A. went ahead 继续;B. found out弄清楚; C. made sure确保;D. worked out计算出。结合上文Muller一家总是愿意把电话号码给街上的人并告诉他们随时可以打电话,可知Rita要确保家里有接电话的人。故选C。
【11】
考查形容词词义辨析。句意:而且他们的家总是对那些无法在街上再过一晚的人开放。A. open开放的;B. crowded拥挤的;C. noisy嘈杂的,吵闹的;D. broad宽的。由上文可知他们一家随时在都会帮助那些无家可归的人们,所以此处是指她家对那些不想在街上再呆一夜的人是随时敞开着的。be open to意为对某人是敞开的;对……开放,故选A。
【12】
考查动词短语辨析。句意:这对夫妇很快就花光了所有的时间和金钱,A. costing 花费;B. wasting 浪费;C. taking 带走;D. spending 花费。穆勒夫妇很快就要把他们的钱花光了。此处用动词过去进行时表示过去将要发生的动作。waste不符合句意;cost主语不能是sb,常用句式是:(某物)花费(某人)钱数;take也可表示花费,但其主语一般是sth.或形式主语it,常用句式是:It takes sb sometime to do sth。spend花费,主语是人,常用句式是:Sb spends sometime /money on sth/(in)doing sth.。故选D。
【13】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:于是Kurt拜访了食物和服装公司来要求他们捐赠。A. pay for 付款 ;B. ask for 要求;请求; C. account for对…负责; D. carry on继续。从上下文可知他们向一些服装厂和食品厂去请求捐助,选B。
【14】
考查副词词义辨析。句意:今天,有三十多家公司定期为该事业捐赠食品和其他物品。A. completely 完全地,完整地;B. calmly镇定地,平静地;C. regularly经常性地,定期;D. roughly大约,粗暴地。现在,三十多家公司定期地为他们的事业捐赠食品和其他物品,其他不符合语境,故选C。
【15】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:志愿者们帮助把它们送到无家可归的人那里。 A. advertise做广告;B. sell 卖出;C. deliver 发送、发表; D. lend借给。从语境可知志愿者们是来帮助他们向无家可归者分发这些食品物品,选C。
【16】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:公众也会捐赠衣服和钱,鞋厂也会捐赠新鞋。A. donates捐赠;B. produces生产;C. designs;设计;D. collects收集。根据语境判断除了公司捐赠以外,公众也给衣服和钱,而且一家制鞋商还捐赠新鞋,故选A。
【17】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:库尔特和丽塔辛勤工作但没有得到报酬。A. permission许可;B. payment报酬,付款;C. direction;方向D. support支持。根据后句中的and parents shouldn't expect money for helping their children.可知此处指穆勒夫妇没有因为他们的艰难工作而得到报酬,选B。
【18】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:父母不应该指望从孩子的身上得到钱。A. multiply使增加;B. raise提高;C. save保存;D. expect期望。从语境可以判断他们感觉自己就像父母一样,父母是不应该因为帮助自己的孩子而期望得到钱的。其他动词不符合句意,故选D。
【19】
考查形容词词义辨析。句意:尽管丽塔承认她经常感到累,但她说她会继续工作,因为她喜欢那种在世界上有所作为的感觉。A. surprised惊讶;B. excited兴奋;C. tired累的;D. please使…满意。根据后面的主句内容可以判断尽管Rita承认常常会感到累,但她说她会继续这工作,故选C。
【20】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:她会继续工作下去,因为她喜欢能够在世界上发挥自己作用的感觉。A. discovery发现; B. difference 差异; C. decision决定; D. rule规则。此处指他们的所作所为给别人的生活带来了改变,make a difference有影响,起作用,故选B。

阅读下面材料,在空白处填写1个适当的单词或用括号内单词的正确形式。
Nearly 790 million people around the world do not get enough to eat, most of 【1】 live in developing countries.
A group of researchers in California may have found a way 【2】(help) feed the hungry people. Stephen Mayfield, a professor at the University of California, studies on algae(藻类). He says, “The world, in fact, is not short of calories. 【3】 it is short of is proteins(蛋白质) and essential fatty acids(脂肪酸). Algae are 【4】(natural) very high in proteins and fatty acids and those are sort of the two things that the world really needs.”
Mayfield and his team have made algae 【5】 different kinds of food. Not only is the algae food rich in protein and fatty acids, but it also 【6】(taste) pretty good.
And growing algae uses 【7】(little) land than other kinds of protein. Mayfield’s big idea is that algae farms could one day replace the huge amounts of land 【8】(use) by farmers to produce protein from cattle or soybeans.
Mayfield’s team just successfully finished a test in which they grew algae in an outdoor environment. “Algae food 【9】(product) are not yet available for sale. But in the future algae may help feed people threatened by 【10】(starve),” says Mayfield.

【答案】
【1】whom
【2】to help
【3】What
【4】naturally
【5】into
【6】tastes
【7】less
【8】used
【9】products
【10】starvation
【解析】
这是一篇说明文。世界上有近7.9亿人吃不饱,其中大多数人生活在发展中国家。加利福尼亚的一组研究人员可能已经找到了一种帮助饥饿的人吃饭的方法。一位加利福尼亚的教授研究一种藻类,发现其富含蛋白质和脂肪酸这两种足够人们日常营养的物质。同时预言未来,藻类可能有助于养活受饥饿威胁的人。
【1】考查定语从句关系代词。句意:世界上有近7.9亿人吃不饱,其中大多数人生活在发展中国家。本句为定语从句修饰先行词,且先行词在从句中做介词of的宾语,指人,故用whom。
【2】考查非谓语动词。句意:加利福尼亚的一组研究人员可能已经找到了一种帮助饥饿的人吃饭的方法。本句为不定式做后置定语修饰way,表示“帮助饥饿的人的方法”,故填to help。
【3】考查名词性从句连接词。句意:它缺乏的是蛋白质和必需脂肪酸。本句为主语从句,从句中缺少宾语,指物,故填What。
【4】考查副词。句意:藻类天然富含蛋白质和脂肪酸,这是世界真正需要的两样东西。短语be high in“富含”做动词短语应用副词修饰,故填naturally。
【5】考查介词。句意:梅菲尔德和他的团队已经将藻类制成了不同种类的食物。make sth. into sth.“将……制成……”,故填into。
【6】考查动词时态。本句为not only…but also…引导的并列句,故上下文时态保持一致,根据上文is可知用一般现在时,主语为the algae food单数,故填tastes。
【7】考查形容词比较级。句意:而且,与其他种类的蛋白质相比,藻类生长需要占用的土地更少。根据下文than可知应用形容词比较级,故填less。
【8】考查非谓语动词。本句已经存在谓语动词且句中没有连词,故use只能做非谓语与逻辑主语land构成被动关系,故应用过去分词,故填used。
【9】考查名词的数。product为可数名词,且根据下文谓语动词are可知应填复数形式products。
【10】考查名词。句意:但在未来,藻类可能有助于养活受饥饿威胁的人。根据句意by后跟名词做宾语,表示“饥饿”,故填starvation。

假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Peter想提高中文水平,进一步了解中国文化。请给他写一封信,推荐学习资源(resource)。内容包括:
1. 学习资源:报纸、杂志及其他途径;
2. 推荐理由;
3. 表达祝愿。
注意:1. 词数80左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Peter,
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours,
Li Hua

【答案】Dear Peter,
I am glad to hear that you are eager to improve your Chinese and know more about Chinese culture. It' s my pleasure to recommend some resources to you.
Reading some popular newspapers and magazines, such as Southern Weekly, is the first choice, from which you can get lots of information about Chinese customs. Besides, there are other ways to experience the Chinese language and culture on the Internet, on TV or with some apps. The interesting news and stories in these resources are so amazing that you will never feel bored. I am sure you can benefit a lot from them.
I sincerely hope that you can make great progress in learning Chinese and have a better understanding of Chinese culture.
Yours,
LiHua
【解析】
本篇书面表达应用文写作。要求以李华的身份给美国朋Peter写一封信。推荐如何学习中文的资源。
第一步:审题
体裁:应用文。
时态:根据提示,时态应为一般现在时。
结构:总分法。
要求:
1.学习资源:报纸、杂志及其他途径;
2.推荐理由;
3.表达祝愿。
第二步:列提纲(重点短语)
are eager to;get lots of information;so amazing that;have a better understanding
第三步:连词成句
1.I am glad to hear that you are eager to improve your Chinese and know more about Chinese culture.
2.Reading some popular newspapers and magazines, such as Southern Weekly, is the first choice, from which you can get lots of information about Chinese customs.
3.The interesting news and stories in these resources are so amazing that you will never feel bored
4.I sincerely hope that you can make great progress in learning Chinese and have a better understanding of Chinese culture.
根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。
第四步:连句成篇
1.表示文章结构顺序:推荐资源;推荐理由;表示祝福
2.表示并列补充关系:Besides;such as;or
第五步:润色修改

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。
I woke up earlier than my brother as every other day of the week. I jumped out of the bed, got dressed, brushed my teeth, and had breakfast. Saying good bye to my mother, I got in the car no later than 7:05. I got to school on time, even though my brother came out of the house late as he used to.
It was a Thursday. I was walking to the chemistry rooms when my phone in my left pocket vibrated(震动). I took it out and looked at the shiny screen. As soon as I saw my father’s name on that screen I realized something was not right.
He would not call me in the middle of a school day just to talk. He would want me to focus in school and do well. I answered the phone, and my father sounded worried. He told me to find my brother as soon as possible, walk with him to the school picking-up zone and get in the car with my brother. Our driver would take us back home where my father was.
When I was in the car with my brother my dad called the driver and told him to take us to the hospital. We were going to meet him and my mum there. As soon as my brother and I found about the change in plans, we looked at each other in the eyes. I immediately noticed the fear in brother’s eyes.
To be honest, I was really scared too, probably more than he was. But I did not say anything. We arrived at the hospital. I saw my dad on the phone waiting for us at the entrance. He was smoking. Seeing my dad smoking made me more worried. I had never seen him smoke before. He hated it. As soon as he recognized the white car, he threw the cigarette away. I looked at my brother; he was looking out of the other window. I did not tell him what I just saw. I did not want him to worry.
注意:
1、所续写短文的词数应为150左右;
2、至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语;
3、续写部分分为两段,每段的开头已为你写好;
4、续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。
Paragraph 1:
The car stopped right in front of my dad.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Paragraph 2:
We walked down the hall with our eyes closed.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】The car stopped right in front of my dad. He opened the door and I jumped out of the car and hugged him. He noticed that I was worried right away and with a smile on his face told us he had a surprise for us. “What good things happen in hospital?” When we approached the ward, my dad told my brother and me to close our eyes and hold his hands. So we did . His warm hands made us feel more secure.
We walked down the hall with our eyes closed. Suddenly we stopped. When we walked into the room, Father told us to open our eyes. We saw our mother lying on the bed. Tears welled up in my eyes, but I was not in pain. Right next to my mother was the most beautiful thing I had ever seen. It was a girl. She was sleeping. She was my sister. I still remember that day as one of the happiest days of my life.
【解析】
这是一篇续写。
1.第一段给出的首句是The car stopped right in front of my dad.这一句是故事发展的转折点。可以从“他打开车门,我跳下车,拥抱了他。”入手扩展开去,——无论从何角度拓展,需注意与续写第二段首句呼应。
2.第二段所给首句We walked down the hall with our eyes closed.这一句呼应前文,紧接着可以从“我们突然停止了。当我们走进房间时,父亲告诉我们要睁开眼睛。”入手续写。

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