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Great Activities for Nature Lovers
Hiking
One of the easiest and most accessible ways to get close to nature is by setting out on a good old fashioned hike. Hiking generally doesn’t require any fancy equipment or special skills, just a piece of map and a thirst for adventure. This activity can be as relaxing as you make it.
Backcountry Camping
Why limit yourself to just a day hike when you can have a full weekend (or longer) adventure? Backcountry camping involves packing your tent, sleeping gear, food, and water on your back to set up camp in a remote location. If you’re an experienced hiker and camper, this is an excellent way to test your survival skills and explore the wilderness.
Mountain and Road Biking
Unlike long hikes through the woods, biking allows you to cover more ground and travel farther in nature. Mountain biking typically involves riding up and down steep slopes, between trees, and over rocks. If this sounds too intense or your tires aren’t suited for rugged terrain, consider taking a road bike on paved trails through forest preserves or along country roads.
Gardening
Contrary to popular belief, you don’t have to travel beyond your own backyard to experience the beauty of nature every day. If your personality is less adventurous or your mobility restricted, consider planting a garden to grow your own vegetables, fruits, herbs, or flowers. There’s something truly satisfying about mixing up a salad with fresh ingredients you grew yourself. One of the best parts about spending time in nature is that it doesn’t have to break your budget and anyone can do it.
【1】What does hiking need for hikers?
A.A world map. B.A strong desire.
C.Practical skills. D.Necessary equipment.
【2】Where will you go to show your survival potential in the wild?
A.To a backyard. B.To a forest.
C.To a mountain. D.To a distant place.
【3】Which of the following can take you to travel farthest?
A.Hiking B.Backcountry Camping
C.Gardening. D.Mountain and Road Biking

【答案】
【1】B
【2】D
【3】D
【解析】
这是一篇应用文。文章介绍了几种亲近大自然的户外活动。
【1】
细节理解题。由第一段中的“Hiking generally doesn’t require any fancy equipment or special skills, just a piece of map and a thirst for adventure.”(徒步旅行一般不需要任何花哨的设备或特殊技能,只要一张地图和对冒险的渴望。),可知徒步旅行需要对冒险强烈的欲望。故选B项。
【2】
细节理解题。由第二段中的“Backcountry camping involves packing your tent, sleeping gear, food, and water on your back to set up camp in a remote location. If you’re an experienced hiker and camper, this is an excellent way to test your survival skills and explore the wilderness.”(野外露营包括在你的背上打包你的帐篷,睡具,食物和水去一个偏远的地方露营。如果你是一个有经验的徒步旅行者和野营者,这是一个测试你的生存技能和探索荒野的好方法。),可知在一个遥远的地方可以展示你在野外生存的潜力。故选D项。
【3】
推理判断题。由第三段中的“Unlike long hikes through the woods, biking allows you to cover more ground and travel farther in nature.”(与穿越森林的长途远足不同,骑自行车可以让你在大自然中经过更多的土地和走更远的距离。),可推断出山地和公路自行车旅行可以让你旅行到很远的地方。故选D项。

I once heard this tale in India, where it is told as if true—though any naturalist would know it couldn’t be. The country is India. A colonial official and his wife are giving a large dinner party. They invite army officers and their wives, and a visiting American naturalist.
A spirited discussion springs up between a young girl who says women are no longer the jumping on a chair at the sight of a mouse and an army officer who disagrees and says, “A woman’s reaction in any crisis is to scream. And a man has more control than a woman.”
The American scientist does not join in the argument but sits and watches the faces of the other guests. As he stares, he sees a slight strange expression come over the face of the hostess. She gestures to the servant standing behind her chair and whispers to him. The servant’s eyes widen. He turns quickly and leaves the room. Of the guests, none except the American notices this or sees the servant place a bowl of milk on the balcony just outside the open glass doors.
In India, milk in a bowl means only one thing: bait (诱饵) for a snake. The American understands there must be a snake in the room. His eyes move across the room but see nothing. He realizes the snake can only be in one place — under the table.
His first reaction is to jump back and warn the others. But he knows any sudden movement will frighten the animal into striking. He speaks quickly, the tone of his voice so arresting that it quietens everyone. “I want to know what control everyone here has. I will count three hundred—that’s five minutes — and not one of you is to move a muscle. Ready!”
The 20 people sit like stone images while he counts. He is saying, “—two hundred and eighty—” When out of the corner of his eyes, he sees the snake make for the bowl of milk. Four or five screams ring out as he jumps to close the balcony doors.
“There is your proof!” the host shouts. “A man has just shown us perfect self-control.”
“Just a minute,” the American says, turning to his hostess, “How did you know that snake was in the room?” With a faint smile coming across her face she replies: “Because it was lying across my foot.”
【1】What can we conclude from the passage?
A.Women are afraid of mice.
B.The army officer’s opinion is wrong.
C.The American suggests playing a game for entertainment.
D.The hostess has had previous experience catching snakes.
【2】Choose the right order of the events given in the passage.
a. The American’s eyes sweep the room but he sees nothing.
b. The American suggests the guests playing a game.
c. Following the instructions, the servant puts out some milk.
d. The hostess is staring ahead, a slight strange look appearing.
e. The American shuts the balcony doors safely, and several screams are let out.
f. The snake edges its way to the bowl of milk.
A.d,c,a,b,f,e B.a,b,c,e,f,d
C.d,f,a,b,c,c D.f,e,c,a,d,b
【3】Who has real self-control according to the passage?
A.The American. B.The army officer.
C.The girl. D.The hostess.
【4】What may be the best title for the passage?
A.A Heated Argument B.A Striking Dinner Party
C.An Unbelievable Story D.A Smart Hostess

【答案】
【1】B
【2】A
【3】D
【4】B
【解析】
这是一篇记叙文。短文叙述了在一场宴会上,关于男人和女人自控力的的激烈讨论,该讨论以一条蛇的出现以及男人和女人们对此不同的反应而结束。
【1】
推理判断题。根据第二段“A woman’s reaction in any crisis is to scream. And a man has more control than a woman.”可知这位军官的观点是“一遇到危急情况,女人的反应便是尖叫。而男人虽然也可能想叫,但比起女人来,自制力却略胜一筹”。根据倒数第三段“Four or five screams ring out as he jumps to close the balcony doors.”当他跳起来关上阳台的门时,四五声尖叫响起。根据最后一段“With a faint smile coming across her face she replies: “Because it was lying across my foot.”女主人脸上闪出一丝淡淡的微笑,回答说:“因为它当时正从我的脚背上爬过去。由此判断出这位军官的观点是错误的。故选B项。
【2】
细节理解题。根据第三段As he stares, he sees a slight strange expression come over the face of the hostess. the servant place a bowl of milk on the balcony just outside the open glass doors.当他凝视的时候,他看到女主人的脸上掠过一丝奇怪的表情。仆人把一碗牛奶放在阳台上,就在打开的玻璃门外面。根据第四段 His eyes move across the room but see nothing.他的眼睛扫视了一下房间,但什么也没看见。根据第五段“I want to know what control everyone here has. I will count three hundred—that’s five minutes — and not one of you is to move a muscle. Ready!”我想了解一下在座的诸位到底有多大的克制能力,我数三百下——也就是五分钟——你们谁都不许动一动。动者将罚款五十卢比。准备好。根据第六段When out of the corner of his eyes, he sees the snake make for the bowl of milk. Four or five screams ring out as he jumps to close the balcony doors.从眼角的余光里,他看到蛇正向那碗牛奶走去。当他跳起来关上阳台的门时,四五声尖叫响起。由此可知正确的顺序为d,c,a,b,f,e。故选A项。
【3】
推理判断题。根据最后一段“With a faint smile coming across her face she replies: “Because it was lying across my foot.”女主人脸上闪出一丝淡淡的微笑,回答说:“因为它当时正从我的脚背上爬过去。由此推断出,女主人更有自控能力。故选D项。
【4】
主旨大意题。根据第一段A colonial official and his wife are giving a large dinner party. They invite army officers and their wives, and a visiting American naturalist.某殖民地官员和他的夫人正举行盛大的晚宴。他们邀请军官和他们的夫人,另外还有一位来访的美国博物学家。 根据第二段A spirited discussion springs up between a young girl who says women are no longer the jumping on a chair at the sight of a mouse and an army officer who disagrees and says, “A woman’s reaction in any crisis is to scream. And a man has more control than a woman.”席间,一位年轻的女士同一位少校展开了热烈的讨论。年轻的女士认为妇女已经有所进步,不再像过去那样一见到老鼠就吓得跳到椅子上,少校则不以为然。 他说:“一遇到危急情况,女人的反应便是尖叫。而男人虽然也可能想叫,但比起女人来,自制力却略胜一筹。根据倒数第三段“Four or five screams ring out as he jumps to close the balcony doors.”当他跳起来关上阳台的门时,四五声尖叫响起。根据最后一段“With a faint smile coming across her face she replies: “Because it was lying across my foot.”女主人脸上闪出一丝淡淡的微笑,回答说:“因为它当时正从我的脚背上爬过去。所以短文的最佳标题为“引人注目的宴会”。故选B项。

Who cares if people think wrongly that the Internet has had more important influences than the washing machine? Why does it matter that people are more impressed by the most recent changes?
It would not matter if these misjudgments were just a matter of people's opinions. However, they have real impacts, as they result in misguided use of scarce resources.
The fascination with the ICT(Information and Communication Technology) revolution, represented by the Internet, has made some rich countries wrongly conclude that making things is so "yesterday" that they should try to live on ideas. This belief in "post-industrial society" has led those countries to neglect their manufacturing sector(制造业) with negative consequences for their economies.
Even more worryingly, the fascination with the Internet by people in rich countries has moved the international community to worry about the "digital divide" between the rich countries and the poor countries. This has led companies and individuals to donate money to developing countries to buy computer equipment and Internet facilities. The question, however, is whether this is what the developing countries need the most. Perhaps giving money for those less fashionable things such as digging wells, extending electricity networks and making more affordable washing machines would have improved people's lives more than giving every child a laptop computer or setting up Internet centres in rural villages, I am not saying that those things are necessarily more important, but many donators have rushed into fancy programmes without carefully assessing the relative long-term costs and benefits of alternative uses of their money.
In yet another example, a fascination with the new has led people to believe that the recent changes in the technologies of communications and transportation are so revolutionary that now we live in a "borderless world". As a result, in the last twenty years or so, many people have come to believe that whatever change is happening today is the result of great technological progress, going against which will be like trying to turn the clock back. Believing in such a world, many governments have put an end to some of the very necessary regulations on cross-border flows of capital, labour and goods, with poor results.
Understanding technological trends is very important for correctly designing economic policies, both at the national and the international levels, and for making the right career choices at the individual level. However, our fascination with the latest, and our under valuation of what has already become common, can, and has, led us in all sorts of wrong directions.
【1】Misjudgments on the influences of new technology can lead to __________.
A. a lack of confidence in technology
B. a slow progress in technology
C. a conflict of public opinions
D. a waste of limited resources
【2】The example in Paragraph 4 suggests that donators should __________.
A. take people's essential needs into account
B. make their programmes attractive to people
C. ensure that each child gets financial support
D. provide more affordable internet facilities
【3】What has led many governments to remove necessary regulations?
A. Neglecting the impacts of technological advances.
B. Believing that the world has become borderless.
C. Ignoring the power of economic development.
D. Over-emphasizing the role of international communication.
【4】What can we learn from the passage?
A. People should be encouraged to make more donations.
B. Traditional technology still has a place nowadays.
C. Making right career choices is crucial to personal success.
D. Economic policies should follow technological trends.

【答案】
【1】D
【2】A
【3】B
【4】B
【解析】
本文属于议论文,讲述对信息技术的过分迷恋对国家,对个人,对慈善事业都会有不利的影响。
【1】细节理解题。根据第二段However, they have reak impacts, as they result in misguided use of scarce resources. 可知,对信息技术的错误判断会导致有限资源的错误使用,也就是资源的浪费,故选D。
【2】推理判断题。根据第四段Perhaps giving money for those less fashionable things such as digging wells, extending electricity networks and making more affordable washing machines would have improved people's lives more than giving every child a laptop computer or setting up Internet centres in rural villages, I am not saying that those things are necessarily more important, but many donators have rushed into fancy programmes without carefully assessing the relative long-term costs and benefits of alternative uses of their money.可知,与其给那些贫困地区孩子笔记本电脑或者建网络中心,还不如给钱打井,铺电网或者生产他们买得起的洗衣机,这些东西更能改善他们的生活。作者不是说这些东西一定更重要,但是很多捐赠者没有仔细考虑捐赠的东西的长期成本,因此作者建议捐赠者要考虑接受捐赠的人的实际情况,而不是一味地追求信息化,故选A。
【3】推理判断题。根据第五段In yet another example, a fascination with the new has led people to believe that the recent changes in the technologies of communications and transportation are so revolutionary that now we live in a "borderless world". 以及Believing in such a world, many governments have put an end to some of the very necessary regulations on cross-border flows of capital, labour and goods, with poor results.可知,对新东西的迷恋让人们认为如今通讯技术和交通的变革让我们生活在一个无国界的世界。正是认为我们生活在这样一个世界,很多政府取消了关于跨国界的资本、劳动力以及商品流动的法律法规,故选B。
【4】推理判断题。根据第三段The fascination with the ICT(Information and Communication Technology) revolution, represented by the Internet, has made some rich countries wrongly conclude that making things is so "yesterday" that they should try to live on ideas. This belief in "post-industrial society" has led those countries to neglect their manufacturing sector(制造业) with negative consequences for their economies.可知,对互联网呈现的通讯技术变革的迷恋让很多富裕国家做出一个错误的结论,制造产品已经过时了,他们应该靠创意生活,因而忽略了制造业,从而对经济造成不利影响,故可知,传统的技术依然有它的地位,不能新兴的信息技术取代,故选B。

It is quite apparent that competition surrounds every aspect of human life whether in the United States or the Amazon rainforest. Without it we would not have grown into primates (灵长类动物) . Or we would probably still be struggling to sharpen a bronze tool while crawling around on four legs in search of meat. Without competition, Columbus wouldn’t have discovered America and Edison would never have invented the light bulb.
Friendship, like all relationships between two people, involves competition. It isn’t competition in a traditional sense because there are no goals to be scored and no prize. Perhaps the ecological definition --- the simultaneous (同时) demand by two or more organisms for limited environmental resources, such as nutrinents, living space, or light --- better explains it.
As in nature, high school life is governed by a set of laws, similar to a shortened version of Darwin’s theory of evolution, overpopulation, and competition. There is an abundance of high school students and to distinguish them, ranking and categorizing (分类) take place. In high school, friendships learn to coexist with competition even though at times the relationship is rough. In fact, in some circumstance, competition is too much of a burden for a friendship to bear, causing it to fall apart. College admission is the final high school objective. Four years of hard work is to achieve good grades, and a student’s fate is determined not only by these achievements, but by the records of thousands of other seniors trying to achieve a similar recognition.
Nevertheless, by necessity, competition between students exists in all aspects of high school life. It sets and improves the standards in everything from sports to schoolwork. A healthy, friendly competition can have only benefits, but when it becomes too fierce, jealousy (妒忌) can tear friendships apart. Yet, despite all this, without competition, we would be lost.
【1】What does the ecological definition mainly explain?
A. How to win the competition. B. What competition exactly is.
C. What the result of competition is. D. How friends compete with each other.
【2】According to the writer, what causes the high school students to compete?
A. They know the laws of nature well. B. Friendship is a burden for them.
C. The number of them is too large. D. They are divided into different groups.
【3】Which best describes the relationship of friendship and competition?
A. Friendship is always based on competition.
B. Competition is a result of lost friendship.
C. Competition is terribly harmful to friendships.
D. The degree of competition is vital to friendship.
【4】What does the author think of “competition”?
A. Competition is certain to happen at school.
B. The result of competition are out of control.
C. Competition becomes fierce in high school.
D. Friendship is not as important as competition at school.

【答案】
【1】 B
【2】 C
【3】 D
【4】 A
【解析】
本文是一篇说明文,介绍了竞争推动了人类社会的发展以及如何在竞争和友谊中寻求平衡。
【1】细节理解题。根据第二段中的“It isn’t competition in a traditional sense because there are no goals to be scored and no prize. Perhaps the ecological definition --- the simultaneous demand by two or more organisms for limited environmental resources, such as nutrinents, living space, or light --- better explains it.”可知,这不是传统意义上的竞争,因为没有目标,没有奖励,或许生态定义能更好地解释竞争是什么,破折号之间解释了竞争的生态定义。故B项正确。
【2】细节理解题。根据第二段中的“There is an abundance of high school students and to distinguish them, ranking and categorizing take place.”可知,造成高中生竞争的原因是高中生数量过于庞大,故C项正确。
【3】推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“A healthy, friendly competition can have only benefits, but when it becomes too fierce, jealousy can tear friendships apart.”可知,友好的竞争能带来好处,但当竞争过于激烈时,妒忌会把友谊撕裂,由此推知竞争的程度对友谊至关重要,故D项正确。
【4】细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“Nevertheless, by necessity, competition between students exists in all aspects of high school life.”可知,作者认为学生之间的竞争必然存在于高中生活的各个方面,故A项正确。

It had long been troubling a little boy that his desk mate could rank 1st in the class every time while he failed to: he only ranked 21st.
At home, he asked his Mom, “Mom, am I more stupid than others? I feel I am as hardworking as him, but how come I always fall behind?” 【1】
In another test, the son ranked 15th, and his desk mate remained 1st. Back home, he raised the same question. 【2】 However, was this answer in her son’s best interest? Thank goodness she did not open her mouth.
There were times she wanted to tell him, “Your father and I used to be outstanding. Why aren’t you just as clever?” But she stopped because she felt it was cruel to blame him and that she needed a better answer.
【3】 To reduce the burden on her son who was suffering from the pains of unsatisfied grades and rankings, Mom decided to take him to the sea. During the trip, she managed to give out an answer.
Now, the son no longer worries about his rankings, because, with the 1st ranking, he is admitted to a top university. 【4】 In the lecture, he mentioned a valuable experience, “…When my mother and I was lying on the beach, she pointed to the front and said, ‘Do you see the seabirds over there? When the waves come near, little birds can rise quickly while it would take longer for clumsy sea-gulls to complete the process. However, have you noticed birds that finally fly across the endless ocean are none other than clumsy sea-gulls?’ 【5】” The moving speech affected many mothers present into tears, including his mother.
A.Feeling sad for her son’s failure, mom scolded him.
B.Mom really wanted to tell her son that intelligence differs.
C.Hearing the words, she went wordless, not knowing how to explain.
D.You might be a bit slower, but you will be the one who will make it!
E.Mom was so proud of her son’s success as to often share her experience.
F.Back to his high school, he was invited to give a speech to the students and parents.
G.Time flying swiftly, despite great efforts, he was still unable to keep up with his desk mate.

【答案】
【1】C
【2】B
【3】G
【4】F
【5】D
【解析】
本文是一篇记叙文。长期以来,一个小男孩一直困扰着,他的同桌每次都能名列前茅,而他的成绩却不理想。为了减轻因分数和排名不满意而痛苦的儿子的负担,母亲决定带他去海边。在旅途中,她设法给出了一个答案。男孩不再担心自己的排名,最终他以第一名的成绩被一所顶尖大学录取了。他告诉人们“你可能会慢一点,但你会成为成功的那个人!”
【1】
根据上文At home, he asked his Mom, “Mom, am I more stupid than others? I feel I am as hardworking as him, but how come I always fall behind?”(回到家,他问妈妈:“妈妈,我是不是比别人笨?我觉得我和他一样努力,但为什么我总是落后呢?”)及常识可知,听到儿子这样的疑问,父母一时真的很难回答。由此可知,C. Hearing the words, she went wordless, not knowing how to explain. (听了这话,她一句话也说不出来,不知道该如何解释)符合语境。故选C。
【2】
根据下文However, was this answer in her son’s best interest? Thank goodness she did not open her mouth. (然而,这样的回答对她儿子最有利吗?谢天谢地,她没有开口)可知,妈妈想告诉儿子一些事情,但是没有说。由此可知,B. Mom really wanted to tell her son that intelligence differs.(妈妈真地想告诉她的儿子智力是不一样的)是妈妈的想法,没有告诉儿子,符合语境。故选B。
【3】
根据下文To reduce the burden on her son who was suffering from the pains of unsatisfied grades and rankings, Mom decided to take him to the sea. (为了减轻因分数和排名不满意而痛苦的儿子的负担,母亲决定带他去海边)可知,男孩仍然没有取得理想的分数和排名。由此可知,G. Time flying swiftly, despite great efforts, he was still unable to keep up with his desk mate. (时间过得很快,尽管他很努力,但还是跟不上同桌的步伐)符合语境。故选G。
【4】
根据下文In the lecture, he mentioned a valuable experience (在演讲中,他提到了一次宝贵的经历)可知,男孩回到自己的学校做演讲了。由此可知,F. Back to his high school, he was invited to give a speech to the students and parents. (回到他的高中,他被邀请给学生和家长演讲)符合语境,speech与原文中的lecture相对应。故选F。
【5】
根据上文When the waves come near, little birds can rise quickly while it would take longer for clumsy sea-gulls to complete the process. However, have you noticed birds that finally fly across the endless ocean are none other than clumsy sea-gulls? (当海浪靠近时,小鸟可以迅速地飞起来,而笨拙的海鸥则需要更长的时间才能完成这个过程。然而,你可曾注意到,最终飞过无尽海洋的是笨拙的海鸥?)可知,男孩用小鸟和海鸥的例子想要说明,笨拙的海鸥也是可以成功的。由此可知,D. You might be a bit slower, but you will be the one who will make it!(你可能会慢一点,但你会成为成功的那个人!)符合语境。故选D。
七选五题型主要考查上下文的理解与推断,虽然文章整体难度一般低于阅读理解,但是却给很多同学造成了很大的心理障碍。在这里提醒同学们,首先要克服心理障碍,同时要注意方式方法。其次,注意设空前后的句子,因为这些句子之间是顺承和联系的,所有一定要联系和理解上下文的语境。例如第4小题,根据下文In the lecture, he mentioned a valuable experience (在演讲中,他提到了一次宝贵的经历)可知,男孩回到自己的学校做演讲了。由此可知,F. Back to his high school, he was invited to give a speech to the students and parents. (回到他的高中,他被邀请给学生和家长演讲)符合语境,speech与原文中的lecture相对应。故选F。

If you could possess any three things, what would you want? Eleven-year-old Ruby Kate loves __ that question at nursing home in the Harrison. Even more amazing, she then __ to make the residents' wishes come true.
Ruby Kate has long been close to __ folks, since her mother, Amanda Chitsey, works at nursing homes in northwest Arkansas and she often __ with her. Last May, Ruby Kate noticed an old resident named Pearl staring out a window __as her dog was being led away by her new __ , since she was not able to __ to look after her with a small pension.
So Ruby Kate __ to do something about it and started by asking residents what three things they desire most. They simply requested for __ like chocolate bars, McDonald's fries, and even just a prayer. Using her __ money to change the situation, Ruby granted the __ of about 50 people in three months. Then she started appealing for __ .
The nice people of Harrison responded __ so much so that Amanda set up a GoFundMe page, Three Wishes for Ruby's residents, hoping to collect $ 5, 000. They __ their goal in a month. After GoFundMe promoting Ruby's __ internationally this past January, Three Wishes raised $ 20,000 in five months __ . With the money, Ruby was able to get more __ : One resident asked for a man cave, so Ruby came up with the novel idea to get him a tent and __ his fridge with snacks.
Earlier this year, “Three Wishes” became a nonprofit and launched its ___nationwide chapter. Ruby Kate doesn't plan to stop here. “I consider __to be my hobby,” she says, “and I'm very good at it and I would like to pass this kind act on.”
【1】A.sharing B.raising C.answering D.consulting
【2】A.leaves out B.goes on C.sets out D.turns down
【3】A.poor B.sick C.old D.young
【4】A.gets on B.races down C.comes up D.tails along
【5】A.sorrowfully B.optimistically C.hopefully D.firmly
【6】A.nurse B.owner C.folk D.resident

【7】A.expect B.arrange C.choose D.afford
【8】A.refused B.continued C.decided D.stopped
【9】A.money B.food C.pets D.items
【10】A.collected B.own C.ease D.borrowed
【11】A.wishes B.kindness C.friendship D.behaviors
【12】A.relief B.sympathy C.donation D.assistance
【13】A.sensitively B.seriously C.spiritually D.enthusiastically
【14】A.changed B.set C.failed D.hit
【15】A.question B.story C.website D.collection
【16】A.obviously B.hardly C.consequently D.finally
【17】A.excited B.devoted C.creative D.curious
【18】A.stocked B.emptied C.sold D.bought
【19】A.final B.first C.former D.continuous
【20】A.kindness B.virtue C.treasure D.power

【答案】
【1】B
【2】C
【3】C
【4】D
【5】A
【6】B
【7】D
【8】C
【9】D
【10】B
【11】A
【12】C
【13】D
【14】D
【15】B
【16】D
【17】C
【18】A
【19】B
【20】A
【解析】
这是一篇记叙文。主要记叙了11岁的Ruby Kate帮助养老院的居民实现愿望,且在GoFundMe网上发起了名为“三个愿望”的募捐活动后得到了得到了GoFundMe的推广,五个月内获得了两万美元的募捐的故事。
【1】考查动词词义辨析。句意:11岁的Ruby Kate喜欢在Harrison的养老院提出这个问题。A. sharing分享;B. raising提出,上升;C. answering回答;D. consulting咨询。根据上文If you could possess any three things, what would you want?可知Ruby Kate喜欢在疗养院提出询问对方想要什么的问题。raise question“提问”。故选B。
【2】考查动词短语辨析。句意:更令人惊奇的是,她接着开始着手让居民们的愿望成真。A. leaves out遗漏;B. goes on继续;C. sets out开始,出发;D. turns down关小。结合后文to make the residents’ wishes come true.可知Ruby Kate问了老人想要什么之后,就开始着手让这些愿望成真。故选C。
【3】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:Ruby Kate自从她的母亲Amanda Chitsey在阿肯色州西北部的养老院工作以来,就一直与老年人保持着密切的关系,她经常跟着母亲一起去。A. poor贫穷的;B. sick生病的;C. old老的;D. young年轻的。根据后文an old resident可知Ruby与老年人保持着密切的关系。故选C。
【4】考查动词短语辨析。句意:Ruby Kate自从她的母亲Amanda Chitsey在阿肯色州西北部的养老院工作以来,就一直与老年人保持着密切的关系,她经常经常尾随着母亲一起去养老院。A. gets on上车;B. races down往下(趋势);C. comes up走近;D. tails along尾随。Ruby的母亲在养老院工作,Ruby经常尾随着母亲一起去养老院。故选D。
【5】考查副词词义辨析。句意:去年5月,Ruby Kate注意到一位名叫Pearl的老人悲伤地望着窗外,她的狗被她的新主人带走了,因为她无法支付照顾她的一小笔费用。A. sorrowfully悲哀地;B. optimistically乐观地;C. hopefully有希望地;D. firmly坚定地。Pearl的狗要被带走,Pearl肯定是很悲伤的。故选A。
【6】考查名词词义辨析。句意:去年5月,Ruby Kate注意到一位名叫Pearl的老人悲伤地望着窗外,她的狗被她的新主人带走了,因为她无法支付照顾她的一小笔费用。A. nurse护士;B. owner主人,所有者;C. folk民族;D. resident居民。因为负担不起,所以狗要被新主人带走了。故选B。
【7】考查动词词义辨析。句意:去年5月,Ruby Kate注意到一位名叫Pearl的老人悲伤地望着窗外,她的狗被她的新主人带走了,因为她无法支付照顾她的一小笔养老金。A. expect期待;B. arrange安排;C. choose选择;D. afford负担得起。狗被带走的原因是Pearl付不起钱。故选D。
【8】考查动词词义辨析。句意:所以Ruby Kate决定做点什么来改变这一现状,她首先询问了老人们最想要的三样东西。A. refused拒绝;B. continued继续;C. decided决定;D. stopped停止。根据后文Ruby帮助居民实现了愿望,可知Ruby决定了要做点什么来改变这一现状。故选C。
【9】考查名词词义辨析。句意:他们只是想要类似巧克力棒、麦当劳薯条等物品,甚至只是祈祷。A. money金钱;B. food食物;C. pets宠物;D. items物品。根据后文chocolate bars, McDonald's fries可知这些都是物品。故选D。
【10】考查动词词义辨析。句意:Ruby用自己的钱改变了这种状况,在三个月内满足了大约50个人的愿望。A. collected收集;B. own拥有;C. ease减轻;D. borrowed借。后面提到了Ruby开始号召捐款,由此可知一开始她用的是自己拥有的钱来给老人实现愿望。故选B。
【11】考查名词词义辨析。句意:Ruby用自己的钱改变了这种状况,在三个月内满足了大约50个人的愿望。A. wishes愿望;B. kindness善良;C. friendship友谊;D. behaviors行为。根据第一段中make the residents’ wishes come true.可知此处指实现50个人的愿望。故选A。
【12】考查名词词义辨析。句意:然后她开始呼吁捐款。A. relief安慰;B. sympathy同情;C. donation捐款;D. assistance帮助。根据后文hoping to collect $ 5, 000.可知她开始呼吁捐款。故选C。
【13】考查副词词义辨析。句意:善良的Harrison居民反应如此热烈,以至于Amanda建立了一个GoFundMe页面,上面写着“给Ruby老人的三个愿望”,希望能募集到5000美元。A. sensitively敏感地;B. seriously严肃地;C. spiritually精神上;D. enthusiastically踊跃地,热心地。结合后文so much so that Amanda set up a GoFundMe page可知养老院的居民对Ruby号召的捐款反应热烈。故选D。
【14】考查动词词义辨析。句意:他们在一个月内达到了目标。A. changed改变;B. set设置;C. failed失败;D. hit达到。根据后文their goal in a month.可知他们在一个月内达到了目标。此处考查短语hit the goal表示“达到目标”。故选D。
【15】考查名词词义辨析。句意:今年1月,GoFundMe为Ruby的故事进行了全球推广,三个愿望最终在5个月内筹到了2万美元。A. question问题;B. story故事;C. website网站;D. collection收藏。GoFundMe为Ruby给养老院居民实现愿望的故事做了全球推广。故选B。
【16】考查副词词义辨析。句意:今年1月,GoFundMe为Ruby的故事进行了全球推广,三个愿望最终在5个月内筹到了2万美元。A. obviously明显地;B. hardly几乎不;C. consequently结果;D. finally终于。根据上文Three Wishes raised $ 20,000 in five months可知三个愿望最终在5个月内筹到了2万美元。故选D。
【17】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:有了这笔钱,Ruby可以更有创意:一个居民想要一个人住的洞穴,所以Ruby想出了一个新奇的主意,给他买了一个帐篷,并在他的冰箱里储存了一些零食。A. excited激动的;B. devoted献身的;C. creative创造性的;D. curious好奇的。根据后文novel idea可知有了这笔钱,Ruby可以更有创意了。故选C。
【18】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:有了这笔钱,Ruby可以更有创意:一个居民想要一个人住的洞穴,所以Ruby想出了一个新奇的主意,给他买了一个帐篷,并在他的冰箱里储存了一些零食。A. stocked储存,供应;B. emptied清空;C. sold出售;D. bought购买。根据后文his fridge with snacks可知指在冰箱里储存了一些零食。故选A。
【19】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:今年早些时候,“三个愿望”成为了一个非营利组织,并在全国范围内设立了第一个分会。A. final最终的;B. first第一的;C. former前者的;D. continuous连续的。“三个愿望”成为了一个非营利组织后成立了全国范围内第一个分会。故选B。
【20】考查名词词义辨析。句意:“我认为善良是我的爱好,”她说,“我很擅长,我想把这种行为传递下去。”A. kindness善良;B. virtue优点;C. treasure财富;D. power力量。根据后文I'm very good at it and I would like to pass this kind act on.可知此处指Ruby认为与人为善是自己的爱好。故选A。

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Czech people are really good at celebrating and holding 【1】(party). As I graduated this year, I experienced a lot of this firsthand. The greatest event for us was the prom(毕业舞会)【2】(intend)for graduating students. Many girls started to get their gowns(礼服)ready a month 【3】 advance. Graduating students also needed to give their 'Midnight Surprise', a group 【4】(perform).
At the end of April, we held the traditional activity called 'The Last Ringing', which lasted for two days.【5】 impressed us most was that some graduates prepared 【6】(taste)desserts and food to sell, wearing different costumes.
By the end of May, we had finished all of the final exams and we started preparing for the graduation ceremony. It 【7】(hold)successfully in the conference hall in our school. Many parents came, too. At 【8】 ceremony, we got our graduation certificate from our class teacher. When 【9】(receive)my certificate, I tried 【10】(fight)back my tears-I didn't want to say goodbye to my teachers and classmates.

【答案】
【1】parties
【2】intended
【3】in
【4】performance
【5】What
【6】tasty
【7】was held
【8】the
【9】receiving
【10】to fight
【解析】
这是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述了学生毕业典礼活动以及作者的心理感受。
【1】
考查名词单复数。party“聚会”是可数名词,结合语境可知,此处不止一次聚会,应用复数形式,故填parties。
【2】
考查非谓语动词。分析句子可知,此处应用非谓语动词作后置定语,逻辑主语prom和intend之间是被动关系,应用过去分词,故填intended。
【3】
考查介词。此处是短语in advance“提前”,故填in。
【4】
考查名词。根据a,判断此处应填名词单数形式,结合语境,可知此处为“一个团队表演”,故填performance。
【5】
考查主语从句。分析句子结构可知,这里的________ impressed us most是主语从句,本空在从句中作主语,表示“让我们印象最深的事情”,句子第一个单词的首字母大写,故填What。
【6】
考查形容词。分析句子可知,此处应填形容词,修饰名词desert and food,tasty“美味的”,故填tasty。
【7】
考查时态和语态。分析句子可知,此处是句子谓语动词,又此处讲述过去的事情,应用一般过去时,主语it指代上文的graduation ceremony和hold之间是被动关系,应用一般过去时的被动语态,主语是单数,故填was held。
【8】
考查冠词。结合上下文可知,此处特指上文提到的graduation ceremony,应用定冠词修饰,故填the。
【9】
考查非谓语动词。分析句子可知,此处应填填非谓语动词和when一起构成时间状语,逻辑主语I和receive之间是主动关系,应用现在分词,故填receiving。
【10】
考查不定式。句意:当我拿到毕业证的时候,我强忍住泪水——我不想跟老师和同学说再见。此处是固定短语try to do sth.“努力做某事”,故填to fight。

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Last year, our class paid a visit a local nursing home. After arrive there, we saw some elder doing Tai chi. They gave us an impression of being energetic but healthy. But there was also some old people seated in the wheelchairs. They were out of the shape, which made me a few sad. They must have experienced a hard life in the past. During that visit, we chat with the old and did some cleaning here. We had such a good time. This year, we plan to visit it again and hope more people care about the old so that they can be healthy, peace and happy for the rest of their life.

【答案】1.visit后加to
2.arrive→arriving
3.elder→elders
4.but→and
5.was→were
6.去掉shape前的the
7.few→little/bit
8.chat→chatted
9.here→there
10.peace→peaceful
【解析】
这是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲叙了去年,作者的班级去当地一家养老院参观的事情。
1.考查介词。句意:去年,我们班去参观了当地的一家养老院。结合句意表示“参观”,短语为pay a visit to。故visit后加to。
2.考查非谓语动词。after为介词,后跟动名词作宾语。故arrive改为arriving。
3.考查名词的数。elder表示“老人”为可数名词,由some修饰,应用复数形式。故elder改为elders。
4.考查连词。句意:他们给我们一种精力充沛、身体健康的印象。结合前后语境,可知此处为并列关系,应用连词and。故but改为and。
5.考查主谓一致。在there be 的结构中,谓语动词的单复数形式一般采取就近原则,some old people是复数,故谓语动词应用复数形式。故was改为were。
6.考查固定短语。句意:他们变形了,这让我有些难过。结合句意,表示“变形”,短语为out of shape。故去掉shape前的the。
7.考查形容词。此处修饰后文形容词sad,应用a little/bit修饰,表示“稍微,有点”,a few修饰可数名词复数。故few改为little/bit。
8.考查动词时态。结合上文,可知事情发生在去年,故应用一般过去时。故chat改为chatted。
9.考查副词。句意:在那次访问中,我们和老人聊天,并在那里做了一些清洁工作。结合句意,表示“在那里”,应用地点副词there。故here改为there。
10.考查形容词。结合上文they can be healthy,可知此处应用形容词peaceful作表语。故peace改为peaceful。

你校美国交换生 Clement很喜欢中华成语故事,看到下面的图片,想了解关于此图片的具体信息,请你用英语给他写一篇短文。内容包括:

1. 描述画面;
2. 概述其含义;
3. 谈谈个人感想。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】As you can see, in the picture, an old man along with his family is breaking up rocks and carrying the earth. They are trying to remove the mountains standing near his home
The story, from an ancient Chinese idom, goes like this: once upon a time, there lived an old man who was nearly 90 years old. His home faced two high mountains, making it inconvenient for him and his family to get around. Troubled by the great inconvenience, the old man discussed with his family and decided to remove the mountains which blocked the way. They kept moving them day after day.
Of course, things are totally different today. With society developing, we can build a road or tunnel rather than remove the mountains. But what is reflected in the story counts. It tells us that whatever difficulty we meet, we should never give up. If we don’t have the courage and determination to overcome every difficulty, nothing will be accomplished.
【解析】
这是一篇图画作文。
第一步:审题。审题的目的是获取重要信息。通过审题我们可以确定几个方面的信息。第一,1. 描述画面;2. 概述其含义;3. 谈谈个人感想。第二,人称为第三人称,兼用第一人称。第三,时态为一般现在时和一般过去时。
第二步:布局段落,确定主要段落,次要段落,段落数量。这篇写作段落数量为三段。第一段,描述画面。第二段,概述其含义。第三段,谈谈个人感想。
第三步:确定关键词汇和短语: ancient ,face,inconvenient,encourage ,determination ,break up rocks and carry the earth,remove the mountains,get around,decide to do sth , block the way, keep doing sth, build a road, give up, overcome every difficulty, accomplish。
第四步:确定较为高级的句子:现在分词作伴随状语His home faced two high mountains, making it inconvenient for him and his family to get around.过去分词作原因状语和which引导的定语从句 Troubled by the great inconvenience, the old man discussed with his family and decided to remove the mountains which blocked the way. what引导的主语从句what is reflected in the story counts. that引导的宾语从句和whatever 引导的让步状语从句It tells us that whatever difficulty we meet, we should never give up. if引导的条件状语从句 If we don’t have the courage and determination to overcome every difficulty, nothing will be accomplished。
第五步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连接词进行过渡衔接:Of course,But 。
第六步:注意书写,保持卷面整洁,避免划线,乱擦。

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