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2020年高二英语上半期月考测验相关

福建省连城县第一中学2020-2021年高二上半期第一次月考英语试卷带参考答案和解析

Rave-on!
How about learning new skills on the guitar, drums and keyboard by video? Follow the touch-screen instructions to find lessons on each instrument, or search for a song to practice playing along to. Try our Professional Selection, with video clips of band members who will explain the techniques that make their recordings so individual.
Show-in-a-day!
Be a star singer or dancer for the day in a one-time-only special performance! Experts in international music and dance styles will train you, and costumes provided for the performance help create a really special, individual show. Get your friends and family to come and see you perform, as no videoing or photography is allowed.
ArchivedImages
Want to find out about a new band, or just want more information about an old favourite? Visit our collection to find out facts and figures, or see the actual possessions of famous bands and musicians you are interested in. You can actually get to touch things worn on stage at major rock and pop events, and there are plenty of other concert souvenirs.
Rhythm-studio
Get your body moving in the studio and learn to move to rhythms and sounds from the past to now, including Soul and Disco. Learn your steps from our professional onscreen dance instructor, then watch your performance and become the star in your own video recording which you can take away!
【1】James likes collecting information about his favourite bands, which will he choose?
A.Rave-on! B.Show-in-a-day!
C.ArchivedImages. D.Rhythm-studio.
【2】In what way is Rhythm-studio different from Show-in-a-day?
A.Rhythm-studio offers free gifts from musicians.
B.Rhythm-studio has experts to teach face to face.
C.Rhythm-studio allows people to bring videos home.
D.Rhythm-studio gets family members to enjoy the shows.
【3】Where can you most probably read the above information?
A.In a newspaper. B.In a report.
C.In a science magazine. D.In a travel brochure.

【答案】
【1】C
【2】C
【3】A
【解析】
本文为一篇应用文,主要介绍了四个可以学习音乐和舞蹈的地方。
【1】
细节理解题。根据ArchivedImages标题下第一句Want to find out about a new band, or just want more information about an old favourite?(想了解一个新乐队,还是只想了解一个旧乐队的更多信息?)可知在ArchivedImages这里可以给大家提供许多关于乐队的信息。故此题选C。
【2】
推理判断题。根据Show-in-a-day!下最后一句Get your friends and family to come and see you perform, as no videoing or photography is allowed(请你的朋友和家人来看你的表演,因为不允许录像或摄影)可知Show-in-a-day!这个地方是不提供视频录像的。然后根据Rhythm-studio最后一句Learn your steps from our professional onscreen dance instructor, then watch your performance and become the star in your own video recording which you can take away!(从我们专业的屏幕舞蹈教练那里学习你的舞步,然后观看你的表演,成为你自己的录像中的明星,并且你可以带走自己的录像)可知Rhythm-studio是允许拍照和录像,还能带走录像。所以我们推断出Rhythm-studio与Show-in-a-day!的不同之处就是在于可以录像,并且可以带走录像。所以C项Rhythm-studio allows people to bring videos home(Rhythm-studio允许人们带自己的录像回家)满足推断。故此题选C。
【3】
推理判断题。根据本文大意我们可以知道,这篇文章主要介绍了四个可以学习音乐和舞蹈的地方。由此我们可以推断出是在给这四个地方做宣传,所以A项In a newspaper(在一份报纸中)满足题意。故此题选A。

Are you preparing for a standardized English exam? Do you find the listening section particularly challenging?
The world of standardized examinations to assess candidates’ abilities in the English language has grown rapidly, especially in the last 30 years. Most of these exams include a listening paper, in which a number of micro-skills are tested, such as listening for detailed information, understanding an author’s attitude and more. Despite the different types of exams out there, they all share many things. We can call them “skills”, as they can be applied while taking the listening test.
You need to exercise your skills to make “educated guesses” although you won’t ever have super powers. Most standardized tests give you some time to read ahead. You must use this time wisely, as this is crucial to predicting as much as possible a number of things. You should quickly ask yourself: What is their relationship? Where are they? Why are they talking? What are their tones?
By doing this, you will be able to set the situation and expect specific vocabulary which might be used in the coming listening materials. All this can be done very quickly. If the passage contains gaps that you must fill out, you should try to predict the type of word or expression (noun, adjective, verb, etc.). Do not try to read everything in detail; only focus on the key words. With practice, you will be able to predict with a certain level of precision. Even if you find it difficult, trying to make a prediction will always help you concentrate on the task, thus making it a lot more manageable and understandable.
Becoming a successful candidate takes time and practice. Unless you have had enough practice in English, you won’t probably be able to get your desired score. Keep in mind that most standardized exams are more about skills than knowledge.
【1】The underlined term “educated guesses” in Paragraph 3 can be replaced with _____.
A.efforts to achieve high scores B.quick decisions about the choice
C.better options using the same words D.predictions with a certain level of precision
【2】What should be stressed more in a standardized listening test according to the passage?
A.Skills. B.Vocabulary. C.Scores. D.Knowledge.
【3】Who do you think the passage is intended for?
A.Teachers. B.Managers. C.Speakers. D.Candidates.

【答案】
【1】D
【2】A
【3】D
【解析】
这是一篇说明文。文章主要就如何准备标准化英语考试中的听力部分说明了一些方法,指出在听力测试中应当更加注重技能,通过有准确性的预测来设定情境,并预期在接下来的听力材料中可能用到的特定词汇。表明大多数标准化考试更多的是关于技能而不是知识。
【1】
词义猜测题。根据后文Most standardized tests give you some time to read ahead. You must use this time wisely, as this is crucial to predicting as much as possible a number of things. You should quickly ask yourself: What is their relationship? Where are they? Why are they talking? What are their tones?可知大多数标准化考试都会给你一些时间提前阅读。您必须明智地使用这段时间,因为这对于预测尽可能多的事情是至关重要的。你应该马上问自己:他们是什么关系?他们在哪儿?他们为什么要说话?他们的语气是什么?由此可知,后文的问题说明,你需要练习你的技能来做出“具有一定准确性的预测”,划线短语意思为“具有一定精确度的预测”。故选D。
【2】
细节理解题。根据最后一段中Keep in mind that most standardized exams are more about skills than knowledge.可知请记住,大多数标准化考试更多的是关于技能而不是知识。由此可知,在标准化的听力测试中,更强调技能。故选A。
【3】
推理判断题。根据第一段Are you preparing for a standardized English exam? Do you find the listening section particularly challenging?可知你在准备标准化英语考试吗?你觉得听力部分特别有挑战性吗?以及最后一段第一句Becoming a successful candidate takes time and practice.可知成为一个成功的考生需要时间和练习。结合文章主要就如何准备标准化英语考试中的听力部分说明了一些方法,指出在听力测试中应当更加注重技能,通过有准确性的预测来设定情境,并预期在接下来的听力材料中可能用到的特定词汇。表明大多数标准化考试更多的是关于技能而不是知识。由此可推知,这篇文章是写给考生的。故选D。

Do you think alien beings exist somewhere in the universe? It seems like Mars, our closest neighbor, has inspired the most science fiction as the place where aliens are most likely to come from. Recent Mars probes (探测) have shown us that there is no life on that planet—at least not now. But that does not mean that life does not exist elsewhere—after all, the universe is really big. A lot of scientific research is going on in the search for “extraterrestrial life”.
Think about it—why should the seven billion people on this little planet be the only living beings in the universe? It would, in fact, seem logical that this is not the case. So scientific research in this matter is based around the idea of finding other planets that have environments that can support life —environments similar to the Earth. The search is on for the evidence of the existence, or earlier existence of life: from very wise beings to simple organisms (有机物).
So far, there have been a number of theories as to which planetary bodies may have an atmosphere that can support such life and therefore deserve closer attention. As for places within our own Milky Way Galaxy, it has been assumed over the decades that Mars and Venus, as well as some of the moons of Jupiter and Saturn, may have been hosts for life. Now, as technologies have improved and we can obtain measurements of the composition of the atmosphere on extra-solar planets, the chances of finding “alien” life forms are increasing.
There has been a theory that some of the planets in the habitable zone of the red dwarf star Gliese 581 may be able to support life. In 2007, scientists discovered exoplanet Gliese 581c—and felt that its atmosphere was most suitable for supporting life. But further research revealed that it would not. Now, attention has been turned to Gliese 581d, at the outer edge of the star’s habitable zone. The main standards for deciding whether a planetary body can be life-supporting are atmospheric conditions which allow the existence of water. Gliese 581 is about 20. 4 light years away from the Earth, so even if life does exist there, the distance would mean that communication would be unlikely.
Having said this—who says alien life forms (if they exist) need water?
【1】What does the underlined part in Paragraph 1 mean?
A.Life existing outside of the Earth.
B.The evidence of the existence of life.
C.Other faraway planets in the universe.
D.Creatures known from science fictions.
【2】What makes it possible for people to find “alien beings”?
A.Modern scientific theories. B.Atmospheric conditions.
C.Environments similar to the Earth. D.Advanced technologies.
【3】From the passage, we know that _________.
A.the atmosphere of Gliese 581c was most suitable for life
B.it is not certain whether alien life forms need water or not
C.the 7 billion people on the Earth are the only beings in the universe
D.the distance of 20. 4 light years makes it impossible to find life on Gliese 581d
【4】Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A.Do Aliens Exist? B.Is Mars Suitable for Life?
C.Are Alien Life Forms Various? D.Can We Communicate with Aliens?

【答案】
【1】A
【2】D
【3】B
【4】A
【解析】
本文是说明文。文章讲述了科学家们在不断寻找和探索外星球上是否有类似于地球的环境,可以支持生命的存在。
【1】
词句猜测题。在第一段中提到“Recent Mars probes (探测) have shown us that there is no life on that planet—at least not now. But that does not mean that life does not exist elsewhere(尽管火星探测器显示火星上没有生命,至少现在没有,但这并不意味着其他地方没有生命的存在。)”由此知,划线词所在的句子意思为“许多科学研究还在继续寻找其他星球上有没有生命”。由此可以猜测extraterrestrial life意思为“存在于地球之外的生命”。故选A项。
【2】
细节理解题。根据第三段中“as technologies have improved and we can obtain measurements of the composition of the atmosphere on extra-solar planets, the chances of finding “alien” life forms are increasing.(随着科技的进步,我们可以测量太阳系外行星的大气成分,那么发现“外星”生命形式的可能性正在增加。)”可知,科学技术的进步让人们发现“外星人”成为可能。故选D项。
【3】
细节理解题。根据文章最后一段中“Having said this—who says alien life forms (if they exist) need water?(话虽如此,谁说外星生物(如果它们存在的话)需要水?)”可知,作者对“外星生命是否一定需要有水才能存在”提出疑问,也就是说外星生命是否需要水还不确定。故选B项。
【4】
主旨大意题。文章首句提出问题“Do you think alien beings exist somewhere in the universe?”;文章第三段首句提到“there have been a number of theories as to which planetary bodies may have an atmosphere that can support such life.(关于哪些行星体可能有能够支持生命的大气,已经有了许多理论。)”,第四段首句提到“There has been a theory that some of the planets in the habitable zone of the red dwarf star Gliese 581 may be able to support life.(有一种理论认为,红矮星Gliese 581的宜居带中的一些行星可能适合生命存在。)”文章是讲述科学家们对哪些星体可能有生命的存在的不断探索。因此文章标题应为“外星人存在吗”。故选A项。

French Universities to Offer More Classes in English
France aims to bring more foreign students to its universities by offering more classes taught in English.
France is home to famous universities like the Sorbonne in Paris and several leading business schools. 【1】 But it ranks(排名)behind the US, Britain and Australia in the total number of foreign students who study there.
【2】 The country has seen increased competition from Germany, Russia, Canada and China.
Under the new plan, France will ease student visa requirements. 【3】 Starting next March, foreigners who have earned a French master's degree will be able to receive a residence visa(居留签证).The change is meant to help recent graduates look for work or set up a business in France.
【4】 Currently, students in France ─ including foreign students─pay(about)170 euros a year for a bachelor's degree and 243 euros a year for a master's degree. Officials said the low cost of education in France leads students from other countries to believe that the quality of a French education is lower than what other countries offer. Beginning in September2019, non-European students will pay 2,770 euros a year for a bachelor's degree and 3,770 euros for graduate degrees.【5】
France will use the extra money to build better education facilities and increase the number of scholarships for foreign students.
A.Student visa applications also will be available online.
B.That's why we need to welcome more foreign students.
C.The country is a popular choice among non-English-speaking students.
D.That is still much less costly than some other European countries, however.
E.Increasing the number of foreigners studying in the country would help build French influence overseas.
F.France also plans to increase the costs for students who come from outside the European Economic Area.
G.Between 2011 and 2016, the number of foreign students studying at French universities fell by 8.5 percent.

【答案】
【1】C
【2】G
【3】A
【4】F
【5】D
【解析】
本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了法国大学将要提供更多英语授课课程来招收留学生。
【1】上一句提到:法国是著名大学的所在地,该空承接上文,应该继续说法国好的一面,进一步说明法国受留学生的欢迎, 且与空后一句形成转折关系。结合选项,C选项(在非英语国家的学生中,这个国家是一个受欢迎的选择)符合语境,故选C。
【2】第三段承接第二段,应该介绍到法国留学的学生的现状。同时空后一句提到:来自德国、俄罗斯、加拿大和中国的竞争日益激烈。结合选项,G选项(2011年至2016年,在法国大学就读的外国学生数量下降了8.5%)符合语境。故选G。
【3】空前一句提到:根据新计划,法国将放宽学生签证要求。该空承接上文,应进一步论述如何提供方便。结合选项,A选项(学生签证申请也可以在网上申请)符合语境,故选A。
【4】根据本段中的“Beginning in September 2019, non-European students will pay 2, 770 euros a year for a bachelor's degree and 3, 770 euros for graduate degrees”可知,法国要提高欧洲经济区以外的留学生的费用。故选F。
【5】空前提到:法国打算将欧洲经济区以外的留学生的学费提高至学士一年2770欧元,硕士一年3770欧元。该空承接上文,结合选项,D项(然而,这仍然比其他一些欧洲国家要便宜得多。)中的That指的就是这一情况。故选D。
在七选五中,一定要注意句子中出现的人称代词或指示代词。代词是指代一个名词或一个句子的。考生要通过语境来推断代词在句子中所指代的内容。第5小题中,D选项中的that就指上一句提到的法国打算提高收费的情况。考生可以据此判断正确答案。

A Good Heart to Lean (倚靠) On
More than I realized, Dad has helped me keep my balance.
When I was young, I didn’t want to be seen with my father. He was short and crippled (瘸), and when we _________ together, his hand on my arm for balance, people would look at us. It was _________ to coordinate (协调) our steps, and we didn’t _________ much as we went along, just keeping silent _________ as we started out, he always said, “You set the pace (步伐). I will try to stay with you.”
In my memory, my father went to work every day, rain or shine. He almost never _________ a day, even if others could not. Meanwhile he had to _________ the unkind laughter from others. When I think of it now, I am surprised at how much _________ it must have taken him to make a living under such _________. Although disabled, my father still tried to take part in activities in his own way. When a baseball team didn’t have a manager,he kept it _________. He was a knowledgeable baseball fan and often took me to the __________. He also liked to go to parties, where he could have a good time __________ sitting and watching.
I now __________ that he took part in some things through me, his only son. He __________ me all the time. When I played ball, he “played” too. When I joined the Navy, he “joined” too. He was __________ to spend all his time staying with me.
He never talked about himself as an object of __________, nor did he show any envy (嫉妒) of the more fortunate. What he __________ in others was a “good heart’’, and if he found one, the owner was good enough for him. Now that I am older, I believe that is a proper rule by which to __________ people, even though I still don’t know exactly what a “good heart” is. Sometimes I wonder if he __________ my unwillingness during our walks. If he did, I am sorry I never told him how sorry I was, and how I __________ it. At such times I would put my hand on his arm to get my __________, and say, “You set the pace. I will try to stay with you.”
【1】A.called B.walked C.listened D.laughed
【2】A.dangerous B.popular C.strange D.difficult
【3】A.try B.mix C.say D.act
【4】A.But B.Nor C.So D.Unless
【5】A.covered B.shared C.enjoyed D.missed
【6】A.lose B.bear C.send D.earn
【7】A.talent B.luck C.courage D.duty
【8】A.stress B.power C.loss D.fun
【9】A.lasting B.going C.waiting D.pushing
【10】A.projects B.offices C.matches D.stations
【11】A.still B.even C.seldom D.just
【12】A.understand B.compare C.promise D.declare
【13】A.checked B.followed C.searched D.reasoned
【14】A.crazy B.sorry C.eager D.nervous
【15】A.love B.fear C.hope D.pity
【16】A.looked for B.gave up C.heard of D.worried about
【17】A.imagine B.judge C.control D.attract
【18】A.mentioned B.treated C.sensed D.passed
【19】A.doubted B.avoided C.confirmed D.regretted
【20】A.balance B.challenge C.advantage D.position

【答案】
【1】B
【2】D
【3】C
【4】A
【5】D
【6】B
【7】C
【8】A
【9】B
【10】C
【11】D
【12】A
【13】B
【14】C
【15】D
【16】A
【17】B
【18】C
【19】D
【20】A
【解析】
本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了我和跛脚的爸爸之间的故事。爸爸脚跛了,走路时需要支撑我来保持平衡,我为此还感觉难堪。多年之后,我才意识到,其实是爸爸在帮助我获得平衡。
【1】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:他身材矮小,走起路来跛得很厉害。我们一起走时,他要把手搭在我的肩上才能保持平衡,人们就会盯着我们看。A.called叫; B.walked走路; C.listened 听; D.laughed笑。句子中说爸爸把手搭在我的肩膀上,第2、3空出现了steps、went along这些词,可知这里指我们一起走的时候。故选B项。
【2】
考查形容词词义辨析。句意:要协调我们的步伐并不容易。A.dangerous危险的; B.popular流行的; C.strange奇怪的; D.difficult困难的。前面提到爸爸的脚是跛着的,下文也提到爸爸说:“你定步伐,我会尽量跟上。”说明我们很难去协调步伐,跟爸爸能走到一起很难。故选D项。
【3】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:因此,我们走路的时候并不怎么说话。A.try尝试; B.mix混合; C.say说话; D.act行动。空格后提到just keep silent可知我们一起走的时候不说话。故选C项。
【4】
考查连词词义辨析。句意:但出发时,他总是说:“你定步伐,我会尽量跟上。” A.but但是; B.nor也不; C.so于是; D.unless除非。前一句提到我们一起走路的时候很沉默,没什么话。这里提到出发时,爸爸总说这样一句话。前后句子成转折关系。故选A项。
【5】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:在我的记忆中,不论天气阴晴,他每天都去上班,几乎没有旷过一天工。即使别人无法上班,他也要去。A.covered遮盖; B.shared分享; C.enjoyed喜欢; D.missed错过。空格前面提到不论阴晴,每天都去上班,空格后说即使别人不去,他也要去。所以这里可以判断爸爸没有旷过一天工。miss表示“错过”。故选D项。
【6】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:同时,他还要忍受别人对他不友好的嘲笑。A.lose失去; B.bear忍受; C.send派出去、发送; D.earn获得。别人对他投以不友好的嘲笑,所以他要忍受这一切。故选B项。
【7】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:一个成年男子要有多少勇气才能在这种压力之下生存,我现在想来惊讶不已。A.talent天赋; B.luck运气; C.courage勇气; D.duty责任。爸爸每天面对别人的嘲笑,他需要勇气来承受这种压力。故选C项。
【8】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:一个成年男子要有多少勇气才能在这种压力之下生存,我现在想来惊讶不已。A.stress压力; B.power力量; C.loss损失; D.fun乐趣。爸爸因为脚跛,经常受到旁人不友好的嘲笑,因此,这对他来讲是一种压力。故选A项。
【9】
考查非谓语动词词义辨析。句意:当本地的一支棒球队发现缺经理的时候,他使它维持下去。A.lasting持续; B.going运作; C.waiting等待; D.pushing推动。空格前面提到棒球队缺经理,球队面临运营困难。爸爸使球队继续运作下去。keep it going表示“使继续正常运转下去”。故选B项。
【10】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:他是一个很懂行的棒球迷,经常带我去看球赛。A.projects项目; B.offices办公室; C.matches比赛; D.stations车站。空格前面提到爸爸是棒球迷,所以他会带我去看比赛。故选C项。
【11】
考查副词词义辨析。句意:他也喜欢参加聚会,只是坐在一旁观看,也很开心。A.still仍然; B.even甚至; C.seldom几乎不; D.just仅仅、只是。爸爸的脚是跛的,但是他喜欢参加聚会。尽管只能坐在那里看别人,但是他也很开心。故选D项。
【12】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:我现在才明白,有些事他是通过我,他唯一的儿子,间接参与的。A.understand明白; B.compare比较; C.promise承诺; D.declare宣称。that引导一个宾语从句,指明白的事情。故选A项。
【13】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:他总是跟着我。当我打球的时候,他也在“打”。我加入海军,他也“加入”。A.checked检查; B.followed跟着; C.searched寻找; D.reasoned推理。由空格后面的句子,我打球,他也打球。我加入海军,他也加入。可知,爸爸总是跟着我。故选B项。
【14】
考查形容词词义辨析。句意:他迫切地希望一直和我待在一起。A.crazy疯狂的; B.sorry抱歉的; C.eager迫切的; D.nervous紧张的。前面提到爸爸总是跟着我,可以判断他急切希望一直跟我在一起。be eager to do sth表示“迫切希望做某事”。故选C项。
【15】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:他从不把自己当作同情的对象,也从不对更幸运的人表示任何嫉妒。A.love爱; B.fear害怕; C.hope希望; D.pity遗憾、同情。由上下文对爸爸的描述可知,爸爸既不想被别人同情,也不嫉妒别人。an object of pity表示“同情的对象”。故选D项。
【16】
考查动词短语辨析。句意:他在别人身上所寻找的是一颗“善心”。A.looked for寻找; B.gave up放弃; C.heard of听说; D.worried about担心。后面提到if he found one可知,爸爸在寻找善心。故选A项。
【17】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:由于年龄的增长,我相信那是一种用来判断人的恰当的标准。A.imagine想象; B.judge判断; C.control控制; D.attract吸引。爸爸在人的身上寻找善心,我也以此作为判断人的标准。故选B项。
【18】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:不知道他当时是否感觉到了我曾不愿意别人看见我和他走在一起。A.mentioned提到; B.treated对待; C.sensed感受、感觉; D.passed传递。我不知道他是否察觉到了我的不情愿。其它选项均不符合语境。故选C项。
【19】
考查动词词义辨析。句意:如果他感觉到了,我很遗憾我从没有告诉过他,后来我感到多么难过,多么后悔。A.doubted怀疑; B.avoided避免; C.confirmed确认; D.regretted后悔。句子中出现两次sorry,可以推断作者对自己之前的态度感到很后悔。故选D项。
【20】
考查名词词义辨析。句意:在这种时候,我就把手放在他的手臂上,来重新获得平衡,并告诉他:“你定步伐,我会尽量跟上。” A.balance平衡; B.challenge挑战; C.advantage优势; D.position位置。最后一句话呼应开头More than I realized, Dad has helped me keep my balance,我最终才意识到是爸爸帮助我获得了平衡。故选A项。

We must take a___________(科学的) approach to the problem. (根据汉语提示单词拼写)

【答案】scientific
【解析】
考查形容词。句意:我们必须采取科学的方法解决这个问题。分析句子可知,名词approach前需用形容词修饰,根据汉语意思可知,scientific作为形容词,表示“科学的”的意思。故填scientific。

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